Dates of Note (not Blue Funnel but still interesting)

Sow-Sow-La
15th March 2007, 19:56
INTERESTING DATES CONNECTED WITH SHIPPING AND COMMERCE, etc
(From 1508 to 1954)

1508 First Marine Insurance in England.
1600 East India Company granted charter.
1606 Fire of London (began Sept. 2).
1667 First Fire Insurance.
1675 Greenwich Observatory founded (Aug. 10).
1688 First notice of Lloyd's Coffee House in Tower Street.
1692 Lloyd’s Coffee House removed from Tower Street to Lombard Street.
1696 ‘Lloyd's News’ established.
1700 First dock opened in Liverpool.
1714 First Steam Engine built.
1734 ‘Lloyd's News’ resuscitated under the name of ‘Lloyd's List’
1740 Oldest ‘Lloyd's List’ in existence, No. 560 (Jan. 2).
1769 ‘New Lloyd's Coffee House’ established in Pope's Head Alley.
1774 Lloyd's removed from Pope's Head Alley to the Royal Exchange.
1776 American War. Declaration of Independence.
1782 Royal George foundered (Aug. 29).
1786 Board of Trade constituted.
1789 Bounty Mutiny.
1799 H.M.S. Lutine wrecked.
1801 Battle of Copenhagen (Apr. 2). Metric System adopted by France.
1802 West India Docks opened, (Aug. 27).
1803 Lloyd's Patriotic Fund instituted (July 20).
1805 London Docks opened (Jan. 20). Battle of Trafalgar (Oct. 21).
1806 East India Docks opened.
1812 First steamboat, Comet plied on Clyde.
1814 London Custom House burnt (Feb. 12). Loss of Ostend Packet British Queen (Dec. 17).
1815 First Steam Vessel on the Thames.
1817 Present Custom House opened in London.
1818 First Steamer crossed the Atlantic.
1822 Caledonian Canal opened.
1824 Royal National Lifeboat Institution founded (Mar. 4).
1828 St. Katherine Docks opened.
1833 Trade with India thrown open.
1836 ‘Shipping & Mercantile Gazette’ established.
1838 First Regular Steamboat Service across Atlantic; voyage 17 days. Royal Exchange burnt. Screw
propeller first used.
1840 First Cunard Steamer Britannia sailed. P. & O. Steam Nav.Co. established. Penny Post introduced.
1844 Present Royal Exchange opened by Queen Victoria (Oct. 28).
1845 Sir John Franklin's last voyage.
1848 North West passage discovered
1850 Inman Company established.
1951 First Submarine Telegraph.
1852 Amazon lost (Jan. 4). The Birkenhead wrecked (Feb. 26).
1855 Meteorological Office established.
1857 International Code of Signals established.
1858 Great Eastern steamer launched (Jan. 31). First Message by Atlantic Cable.
1859 Royal Charter wrecked (Oct. 26.
1862 Merrimac and Monitor fight (Mar. 9).
1866 Atlantic cable laid by Great Eastern. London lost (Jan. 11).
1868 Millwall Docks opened (Mar. 14).
1869 Suez Canal opened (Nov. 17).
1870 Telegraphs transferred to Govt. H.M.S. Captain lost (Sept. 7).
1871 Lloyd's incorporated.
1872 Alabama award. Opening of New Rotterdam Waterway.
1873 Royal Naval College, Greenwich, opened (Feb. 1).
1876 Amsterdam-North Sea Canal opened.
1878 Chamber of Shipping of U.K. established
1880 Royal Albert Docks opened.
1881 London Chamber of Commerce incorporated. Indian Chief wrecked (Jan. 5).
1882 New Eddystone Lighthouse opened (May 18).
1886 Tilbury Docks opened
1889 New Barry Docks, Cardiff, opened.
1890 Forth Bridge opened (Mar. 4).
1893 Corinth Ship Canal opened (Aug. 6).
1894 Tower Bridge opened (June 30). Manchester Ship Canal opened (May 21).
1895 Baltic and North Sea Canal opened.
1896 Drummond Castle lost (June 16).
1898 War between U.S. and Spain.
1899 War in South Africa commenced
1900 Wireless Telegraphy adopted by Admiralty.
1901 First wireless signals sent across Atlantic (Dec. 11).
1902 War in South Africa ended.
1903 Alaska Boundary award.
1904 War between Japan and Russia.
1905 Wireless Telegraphy messages to ships at sea accepted by Post Office.
1906 Earthquake at San Francisco (Apr. 18).
1907 Earthquake in Jamaica.
1908 Port of London Authority established by Port of London Act.
1909 Commr, Peary reached North Pole (Apr. 6). Waratah lost (believed about July 28).
1911 Lloyd's Act, 1911, passed (Aug 18). Amundsen reached South Pole (Dec. 16).
1912 Captain Scott reached South Pole (Jan. 18), died (Mar. 30). Loss of largest steamship (Titanic) and
1,513 lives (Apr. 15).
1913 Australian Navigation Act (Feb.).
1914 Empress of Ireland lost (May 29) 1014 lives lost. War declared between Great Britain and Germany (Aug 4, 11 p.m.). Panama Canal opened to commercial vessels (Aug. 15). Battle of Coronel (Nov. 1).
1915 German submarine blockade declared (Feb. 18). Lusitania sunk by German submarine (May 7), 1,198
lives lost.
1916 Battle of Jutland (May 31). Lord Kitchener drowned (June 5). Declaration of London withdrawn Jul7).
1917 Unrestricted German Submarine Warfare commenced (Feb. 1). Revolution in Russia (Mar. 12). War on Germany declared by United States (Apr. 6). Munitions explosion at Halifax, N.S. (Dec. 6).
1918 Attack on Zeebrugge (Apr. 23). Armistice signed by Germany (Nov. 11).
1919 Atlantic flight, Sir J. Alcock and Sir A. W. Brown (June 15). German warships sunk by their crews at
Scapa Flow (June 21). Signing of the Peace Treaty by German Plenipotentiaries at Versailles (June 29). Blockade of Germany raised (July 12).
1920 Typhoon at Manila (Aug. 31).
1921 Royal Albert Dock Extension opened by King George V (July 8).
1922 P.&O. steamer Egypt sank, Bay of Biscay, after collision, with loss of 87 lives (May 20).
1925 Foundation Stone of Lloyd's Building, Leadenhall Street, laid by King George V. (May 23).
Lloyd's Act, 1925, received Royal Assent (May 28).
1926 Stoppage in the Coal Mining Industry began (Apr. 30). General Strike began midnight, May 3, and
ended May 12. Stoppage in the Coal Mining Industry ended (Nov.).
1927 Gladstone Docks, Liverpool, opened by King George V (July 19). Principessa Mafalda lost (Oct. 25).
1928 King George V opened Lloyd's Building, Leadenhall Street, (Mar. 24). Underwriting commenced at Lloyd's New Building (Apr. 10). Loss of Vestris and 115 lives (Nov. 12).
1929 International Conference on Safety of Life at Sea opened at London (Apr. 16). Convention signed (May 31).
1930 Tilbury passenger landing stage opened (May 16). British motorship Highland Hope wrecked at Farilhoes Islands, Portugal (Nov. 19).
1932 French motorship Georges Philippar abandoned on fire, 53 lives lost (May 16). International Loadline and Safety of Life at Sea Conventions ratified (Oct. 1).
1933 Direct System of Helm Orders came into force (Jan. 1). King George V opened the King George V Graving Dock at Southampton (July 26).
1934 Mersey Tunnel opened (July 18).
1938 Austria decreed a German State (Mar. 13).
1939 French liner Paris seriously damaged by fire (Apr. 18-19). Loss of submarine Thetis and 99 lives (June 1). Great Britain at war with Germany (Sept. 3). Donaldson liner Athena torpedoed (Sept. 3). Aircraft carrier Courageous torpedoed (Sept. 17). Battleship Royal Oak torpedoed in Scapa Flow (Oct. 14). Loss of armed merchant cruiser Rawalpindi (Nov. 26).
Naval action off River Plate. Admiral Graf Spee damaged (Dec. 13). Admiral Graf Spee scuttled off Montevideo (Dec. 17).
1940 British seamen rescued from German steamer Altmark (Feb. 16). Last fight of H.M.S. Jervis Bay (Nov. 5).
1941 Naval battle of Cape Matapanatapan (Mar. 28). H.M.S. Hood sunk by Bismarck (May 24). Bismarck sunk May 27. Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour (Dec. 7).
1942 Liner Queen Mary collided with and sank H.M.S. Curacoa (Oct. 2).
1943 Allies captured Tunis and Bizerta (May 7). Surrendered Italian fleet reached Malta (Sept. 10-11).
1944 Allies landed at Anzio (Jan. 22) D-Day. Invasion of Normandy (June 6). Tirpitz sunk by R.A.F. (Nov. 12).
1945 Germans surrendered in Italy (Apr. 29). Surrender of German forces signed at Rheims (May 7). First atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Aug. 5). Second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki (Aug. 9). Japanese surrendered (Aug. 14).
1947 National Coal Board took over British Coal Mines (Jan. 1).
1948 British Transport Commission took over Railways (Jan. 1). International Conference on Safety of Life at Sea, London (April-June). Reception at Lloyd's (Common-wealth Prime Ministers) (Oct. 14).
1949 British steamer Magdalena wrecked near Rio Janeiro (Apr. 25). Devaluation of Pound Sterling (Sept. 18).
1950 Submarine Truculent, lost in Thames Estuary (Jan. 12) with 'loss of 64 lives.
1951 Submarine Affray lost in English Channel April 16). Wreck located (June 14). Loss of 75 lives. Lloyd's Act, 1951, received Royal Assent (Apr. 26). Formal state of war between Great Britain and Germany officially ended (July 9). Jamaica Hurricane (Aug. 17). Japanese Peace Treaty signed (Sept. 8). Libya declared an independent State (Dec. 24).
1952 Flying Enterprise lost (Jan. 10). Death of King George VI (Feb. 6).
United States arrived Southampton on maiden voyage from New York (July 8).
Queen Elizabeth II laid Foundation Stone of Lloyd's Building in Lime Street (Nov. 6). 1948 Safety of Life at Sea Convention in force (Nov. 19). French liner Champollion lost (Dec.22).
1953 Dutch liner Klipfontein lost (Jan. 8). Empress of Canada lost by fire, Gladstone Dock, Liverpool (Jan. 25). British Railways ferry Princess Victoria and 733 lives lost on Stranraer to Larne service (Jan. 31). Tidal floods in East Anglia and Holland (Jan. 31/Feb. 1).
Death of Queen Mary (Mar. 34). Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II (June 2). Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland: Royal assent given to Bill (July 14).
1954 International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. 1948 in operation (Jan. 1). Reopening of London Gold Market (Mar. 22). British Troopship Empire Windrush abandoned on fire, Mediterranean (Mar. 28). sank (Mar. 301. Four engine-room staff lost, 222 crew and 1.276 passengers saved. Queen Elizabeth II and Duke of Edinburgh returned in Britannia from Commonwealth Tour (May 15).