HMS Hood

rickles23
28th August 2007, 05:41
I have a couple of questions that the more knowledgable might be able to answer.

1/
HMS Hood had 15 inch guns and was classed as a battle cruiser

HMS Prince of Wales had 14 inch guns and was classed as a battle ship

What is the difference between the two classes?

2/

Did the HMS Hood have submerged torpedo tubes and if so where would they be located?

Regards

Stevo
28th August 2007, 10:58
The differences in the ships is not so much a case of viewing them in their respective class but rather the type of ship the Hood & Prince of Wales were.

Battleships (Prince of Wales) had far more armour then a battlecruiser (Hood) however the resultant lighter battlecruiser had a greater speed and could out pace a battleship if the two types came to a dual.

Following the Battle of Jutland the lack of armour was realised when several British battlecruisers succumb to plunging deck fire. Following this encounter very few battlecruisers were to be built, Renown and Repulse were near completion and the Hood completed in 1920 to only slight modifications which were to be exposed in May 1941. The Germans built the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau to 11 inch gun specifications but of course the Germans were goverened by limitations imposed following WW1 so building battleships were out for the meantime. There are the German pocket battleships as well which we could debate all day as to what they should be classified as.

Steve Woodward
28th August 2007, 11:42
Rickles:
Question 2 - Hood carried (when built) four 21" torpedo tubes these were, unusually for a capital ship, not of the submerged type but above decks and located amidships. Torpedoes due to the size of their warheads were normally below the armoured decks.

Steve has covered the armour bit well, Battlecruisers were not conceived to fight battleships but sadly Britain kept including them in the line of battle were they would come face to face with a battleship or another battlecruiser.
The battlecruiser theory was a ship armed with weapons powerful enough to outgun and be fast enough to outrun any commerce raider.
Put in nutshell Hood and her fellow battlecruisers were designed to outrun commerce raiders such as the later Deutchland class.
The success of Vice Admiral Doveton-Sturdees battle cruisers ( Invincible & Inflexible) as the Falklands battle in 1914 against Vice Admiral Maximilian Graf Von Spee's fleet sommehow seemed to give credit to including battle cruisers in the line of battle with quite disastrous results
Follow the two links for info on the falklands battle
http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/coronel.html
http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/falkland.html
The final battle between Von Spee and Sturdee's fleets was a classic battle-cruiser action

DAVIDJM
28th August 2007, 16:49
HMS HOOD was the ship that got me interested in shipping

The design of HMS HOOD was altered while on the stocks after the battle of Jutland. With this and other delays she was not completed until 1920

She originally had 6 torpedo tubes in total, two were submerged these two were removed in 1937. The above water tubes were abeam the after mast two each port and starboard and below the 5.5” guns.

A good site to learn more about her

http://www.hmshood.com

and an interesting examination of her loss try

http://www.warship.org/no21987.htm