16th July 2008, 07:53
This is what I have about the Monarch Steamship Co.
Source: Miramar Shipindex and House flags of shipping Companies.
Regards: Henk Jungerius
Monarch Steamship Company Ltd
Raeburn and Vérel
In 1873 William H Raeburn and Captain Dunn started a shipping company called Dunn and Raeburn with a fleet of good-sized steamers. John B Vérel replaced Captain Dunn in 1880 and the company was named Raeburn and Vérel. The fleet was varied, with the MARBELLA trading to the Spanish ports, while the larger BORGHESE was trading from the Clyde to the likes of Buenes Aires, San Nicholas and London. The DEHLI and the BONNINGTON regularly traded in the Far Eastern ports.
The company was based on the single ship companies of the 64 ths principle.
At the turn of the century the fleet consisted of twelve steamers mostly named after royal palaces.
In 1902 Raeburn and Vérel formed the Monarch Steamship Company Ltd with a new steamer BRITISH MONARCHand the OSBORNE and BALMORAL were renamed AFRICAN MONARCH and HIGHLAND MONARCH respectively.
By 1911 the company had 9 steamers conforming to the same naming system.
The usual trading pattern was coal out to the Plate and grain back.
The fleet lost six ships during World War 1:
SCOTTISH MONARCH (2) 29.6.1915 sunk by gunfire from submarine.
AFRICAN MONARCH 6.7.1915 mined and sunk
INDIAN MONARCH 9.11.1915 lost by fire in coal bunkers
ENGLISH MONARCH (1) 18.6.1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine
SAXON MONARCH 24.6.1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine
BRITISH MONARCH (2) 4.8.1917 mined and sunk
By 1921 the fleet consisted of four vessels.
During World War 2 the company had six steamers with another five from Ministry of War Transport in management.
The company lost four ships to torpedo attacks during World War 2:
BRITISH MONARCH (3) 19.6.1940 torpedoed and sunk with all hands
NORMAN MONARCH (1) 20.5.1941 torpedoed and sunk
SCOTTISH MONARCH (4) 1.6.1941 torpedoed and sunk.
CALEDONIAN MONARCH (1) 12.1.1942 torpedoed and sunk with all hands
The Company purchased the Mariston as a replacement during the war and renamed her ENGLISH MONARCH (2) and two were delivered in 1943 the NORMAN MONARCH (3) and SCOTTISH MONARCH (5). So when the war ended the fleet consisted of five steam trampships.
The first motorship the BRITISH MONARCH (4) joined the fleet in 1954
The company and its three tramps were taken over by Harrisons (Clyde) Ltd. in 1960.
The last ship the BRITISH MONARCH (5) was sold to Greece in 1973 and the Monarch flag disappeared from the seven seas.
Name Built Builder History Tons
Escurial 1879 A. Stephen & Sons, Glasgow 1883 renamed Borghese, 25.01.1895 wrecked near Portreath, Cornwall. She was carrying coal from Cardiff to Fiume. 13 of the crew and the captain were drowned. 8 survived. 1,185
Galatea 1870 W. Pile & Co., Sunderland 1899 sold and foundered 2,044
Miramar (1) 1880 Murdoch & Murray, Port Glasgow 1884 foundered. 1,190
Lido 1881 Murdoch & Murray, Port Glasgow 1898 sold to Westsvenska Ang. A/B, Gothenburg, Sweden not renamed, 1901 sold to Thos. Wilson, Sons & Co., Hull, 1906 sold to G.I.Focas, Constantinople, 1915 sold to G.Condourougis, Sulina, 1926 sold to G.Kulukundis, Syra, Greece, 1928 sold to S.Sarris & Co., Syra, 1929 sold to Petros M.Nomikos, Piraeus, 1930 scrapped. 977
Iolani 1882 Murdoch & Murray, Port Glasgow 1891 sold to J.D. Pauling, Glasgow not renamed, 1892 sold to Crescent SS Co., London, 1894 sold to Marien Securities Corp., London, 1895 sold to Moosa Hajee Cassum, Port Natal, 1903 scrapped at Bombay. 1,543
Marbella 1870 J. Laing & Sons Ltd, Sunderland 1896 wrecked. 801
Delhi 1864 M. Wigram, London 1891 sold to J.D. Pauling, Glasgow not renamed, 1895 scrapped in Holland. 2,009
Borghese See Escurial.
Dilsberg 1882 Murdoch & Murray, Port Glasgow 9.12.1892 wrecked on the Longsands, Middlesbrough for Civitavecchia with pig iron. 1,514
Seraglio 1882 R. Steele & Co., Greenock 13.6.1885 foundered near Bombay. 1,816
Abydos 1871 London & Glasgow Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Glasgow Ex Abydos, built for Globe Steamship Co., 1884 purchased not renamed, 22.12.1894 sank off the Isle of Mann with the loss of nineteen crew. 1,398
Abington 1882 Wm Doxford & Sons, Sunderland Ex Abington, 1885 purchased from Renton & Co. not renamed, 16.3.1892 lost in collision in River Schelde. 2,053
Bonnington 1883 R. Duncan & Co., Port Glasgow Ex Bonnington built for Bonnington Co. (Renton & Co.), Glasgow, 1886 purchased not renamed, 1895 sold to Japanese owners renamed Kobe Maru, 6.12.1919 wrecked. 2,125
Kingswear 1883 Campbeltown Shipbuilding Co., Campbeltown Ex Kingswear, 1885 purchased not renamed, 1889 sold to Redfern, Alexander & Co., Glasgow not renamed, 1906 hulked at Melbourne. 374
Lamington 1881 R. Duncan & Co., Port Glasgow Ex Sterling built for Renton & Co., Glasgow, 1885 purchased renamed Lamington, 1896 stranded, wreck sold to Black Diamond Transportation Co., Boston USA, 1898 US Navy collier, 1919 F. & H.Starr, New York, 1919 Anglo-South American Bank, Valparaiso renamed Llai Llai, 11.3.1920 sunk. 1,958
Kremlin 1879 A. Stephen & Sons, Glasgow Ex Claverhouse built for John Dunn, Glasgow, 1885 purchased renamed Kremlin, 5.9.1886 wrecked on Berion Rock near Cape Finisterre. 1,188
Sinloo 1882 Wm Hamilton & Co Ltd, Port Glasgow Ex Colonsay built for own account, 1884 sold to Colonsay S.S. Co. (J Allan & Co.), 1886 purchased renamed Sinloo, 1889 sold to Fenwick & Reay, Newcastle, 1897 sold to Gardiner & Reay, Newcastle, 1900 sold to Pelton S.S. Co., Newcastle, 28.01.1895 sunk. 1,132
Mandalay 1886 T. Turnbull & Son, Whitby Ex Mandalay, 1887 purchased from T. Turnbull & Son not renamed, 1890 sold to McLean & Sutherland, Glasgow not renamed, 1903 sold to A. Kroger renamed Aldebaran, 17.11.1905 wrecked off Halls Hook, drifted ashore at Stenkyrke Hook Light 1,915
Provincia 1877 S.P. Austin & Son, Sunderland Ex Provincia, 1887 purchased from Cyprien Fabre & Cie., Marseilles not renamed, 1890 sold to J. Kemp, Glasgow not renamed, 18.11.1893 foundered off Cape Villano. 1,697
Memling 1872 Gourlay Bros & Co., Dundee Ex Malaga built for Malcolm & Co, London, ex Memling 1873, 1887 purchased from Lamport & Holt not renamed, 1889 wrecked 1,025
Holyrood 1889 R. Duncan & Co., Port Glasgow 28.03.1902 sank after collision in fog, 175 miles west of Fastnet whilst en route for London from Portland with general cargo. 2,712
Buckingham 1891 Wm Gray & Co Ltd, West Hartlepool 5.12.1904 wrecked on Roncador Reef. 2,879
Falkland 1892 Tyne Iron Shipbuilding Co Ltd., Newcastle 1898 sold to Kirk Steam Ship Co., Glasgow not renamed, 18.5.1905 wrecked Kaloyeri Rocks, Syra. 2,918
Miramar (2) 1892 Osbourne, Graham & Co., Sunderland 1906 sold to A.F. Perez, Spain renamed Angel B. Perez, 1919 sold to C. Gutierrez Latorre renamed Valverde, 1923 sold to Bidasoa renamed Urumea, 12.8.1924 sunk in collision near Cape Roca. 2,415
Navigation 1879 Palmers & Co. Ltd., Newcastle on Tyne Ex Navigation, 1894 purchased from Harris & Dixon, London not renamed, 1898 sold to Behnke, Danzig renamed Gedania, world war 1 loss. 1,558
Linlithgow 1894 Swan Hunter, Wallsend on Tyne 12.10.1896 foundered. 3,137
Balmoral 1896 Swan Hunter, Wallsend on Tyne 1902 renamed Highland Monarch, 1906 sold to Pennard SS Co. renamed Pennard, 1923 scrapped at Venice. 3,930
Osborne 1898 Swan Hunter, Wallsend on Tyne 1902 renamed African Monarch, 6.7.1915 mined and sunk at Entrance to White Sea. 3,130
Knight Errant 1885 Palmers & Co. Ltd., Newcastle on Tyne Ex Knight Errant, 1896 purchased from Knight Steam Ships Co.( Greenshields Cowie) not renamed, 1898 renamed Kensington, 1910 scrapped. 3,471
Westminster 1890 T. Royden & Sons, Liverpool Ex Indrapura, 1896 purchased from Thos. B. Royden renamed Westminster, 1904 sold to Ukon Gonzayemon, Japan (later restyled Ukon Shoji Kabusiki Kaisya) renamed Fukui Maru, 1918 owners were Uchida Kisen Kabusiki Kaisya, 1921 foundered in Japanese waters. 3,859
Kensington See Knight Errant
British Monarch (1) 1902 Russell & Co., Port Glasgow 1912 soldto O.S.K., Japan renamed Luzon Maru, 1924 sold to Kano Bunji, Osaka, 29.4.1930 wrecked Inuboyesaki. 4,076
Highland Monarch See Balmoral.
African Monarch See Osborne.
Ocean Monarch 1904 Russell & Co., Port Glasgow 1926 sold to Achille Lauro, Naples, Italy renamed Erica, 1934 scrapped at Trieste. 4,511
Indian Monarch 1904 Russell & Co., Port Glasgow 9.11.1915 lost by fire in South Atlantic. 4,383
Scottish Monarch (1) 1904 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 1906 sold to Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland, Amsterdam renamed Ceram, 1926 scrapped at Hendrik Ido Ambacht. 4,240
Scottish Monarch (2) 1906 Russell & Co., Port Glasgow 29.6.1915 sunk by gunfire from German submarine, 5,043
Irish Monarch 1906 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 1924 sold to Italy renamed Nibbio, later Nirvo, 1938 sold to Agostino Lauro, Naples renamed Silvano, 9.9.1943 seized by Germans at Naples, later scuttled and scrapped. 4,296
English Monarch (1) 1906 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 18.6.1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine. 4,947
Norman Monarch (1) 1909 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 1927 sold to Bristol Channel Steamers renamed Lady Lewis, 1932 sold to M. Querci renamed Collodi, 1933 scrapped. 4,997
Saxon Monarch 1912 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 24.6.1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine. 4,828
British Monarch (2) 1913 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 4.8.1917 mined and sunk 5,749
Scottish Monarch (3) 1918 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 1924 sold to T. Law & Co. renamed Cowden Law, 1933 sold to China Trading Corp. renamed China Transporter, 1938 sold to J. Scarlatides renamed Erato, 1941 Seized by Japanese renamed Urato Maru, 18.10.1944 bombed and sunk. 5,658
British Monarch (3) 1923 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 19.6.1940 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U.48 200 miles NW of Corunna, all 40 crew aboard were killed , at the time the vessel was in Convoy HGF 34 5,661
Imperial Monarch 1926 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 1948 sold to Stathatos & Co. renamed Aetolia, 1951 sold to Vlassopulo Bros renamed Paz, 1956 sold to Splosna Plovba renamed Gorica, 1959 scrapped at Osaka. 5,831
Caledonian Monarch (1) 1928 Napier & Miller Ltd., Glasgow 12.1.1942 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U.333 in convoy SC63 and lost with all hands, 5,851
Celtic Monarch (1) 1929 D. & W. Henderson & Co Ltd., Glasgow 1950 sold to Woking Shipping Co. (John Carlbom & Co), Hull renamed Britkon, 1954 sold to International Navigation Corporation, Monrovia renamed South River, 1959 scrapped. 5,824
Norman Monarch (2) 1937 Caledon ShipBuilding & Engineering Company Ltd, Dundee 20.5.1941 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U.94 while in convoy HX126. 4,718
Scottish Monarch (4) 1938 Caledon ShipBuilding & Engineering Company Ltd, Dundee 1.6.1941 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U.105 with the loss of 1 live. 4,719
English Monarch (2) 1924 Lithgows Ltd., Port Glasgow Ex Mariston, 1941 purchased from W.S. Miller renamed English Monarch, 1947 sold to Scindia Steam Nav. Co., India renamed Jalabala, 1952 sold to Towa Sempaku K.K., Kobe renamed Shinwa Maru, 24.1.1960 foundered. 4,557
Norman Monarch (3) 1943 Caledon ShipBuilding & Engineering Company Ltd, Dundee 1957 sold to Paulins Rederi A/B, Finland renamed Ragni Paulin, 1969 scrapped at Shanghai. 7,007
Scottish Monarch (5) 1943 Caledon ShipBuilding & Engineering Company Ltd, Dundee 1957 sold to Eastern Seafaring & Trading Co., Panama renamed Demetrius D.S., 1958 sold to Hemisphere Shipping Ltd., Hong Kong renamed Wishford, 1959 sold to China renamed Hoping Wu Shi Wu, 1979 renamed Ho Ping 55, 1985 scrapped. 7,005
Caledonian Monarch (2) 1948 Caledon ShipBuilding & Engineering Company Ltd, Dundee 1958 sold to Great Eastern Shipping Co., India renamed Jag Doot, 1966 sold to Lemuria Shipping Corp. renamed Central America, 1968 renamed Saint Francis, 6.11.1968 damaged by explosion and fire and later sank. 6,979
British Monarch (4) 1954 Bartram & Sons Ltd., Sunderland 1964 sold to Mullion & Co., Hong Kong renamed Ardtara, 1967 sold renamed Hyperion, 1967 sold renamed Rosetta Maud, 1972 scrapped at Gadani Beach. 5,806
Celtic Monarch (2) 1957 Bartram & Sons Ltd., Sunderland 1964 sold to Mullion & Co., Hong Kong renamed Ardmarie, 1967 sold renamed Ribot, 1971 sold renamed Montana, 1973 sold renamed Sovereign Grace, 1977 sold renamed Grace, 1.3.1979 foundered in tow Bay of Biscay. 7,777
Scottish Monarch (6) 1959 Bartram & Sons Ltd., Sunderland 1968 sold to Greece renamed Byzantine Monarch, 1979 laid up, 1999 scrapped at Aliaga. 9,466
British Monarch (5) 1965 Scotts Shipbuiding Co., Port Glasgow 1973 sold to Greece renamed Karaiskaki, 1982 sold renamed Golden Sun, 1984 sold renamed Xi Qiao Shan, 1998 scrapped. 18,616
12th November 2008, 09:45
THE crew of the abydos were captain james martin , george gordon, james seaton, e.a. brown, p.a. anderson, peter lang, gavin brown, george anderson, james collins, b spence, duncan finlayson, hugh hamilton, f.grinlay peter kerr, matthew warner, james mcbride and joseph anderson, b. spence was my gr. grandfather posted by heather mciver
Tracing my family tree i was disappointed to read the crew list, i thought i had got it wrong.
However if i may politely add to Whiteheathers list, as a few crew are missing, especially my Uncle, my Grannies brother.George Allan from the Perth area. Scotland, he was first mate, although i had been told he was the Radio Op.
This is the full crew list,as far as i know very kindly found for me by an Adrian Corkhill..I hope it helps others maybe looking for lost kin
George Allan, first mate, Robert D Buchanan, first engineer and William J Phillips, boatswain.
Other crew members on board the Abydos were: Captain James Martin, master; George Huntly Gordon, second officer; James Seaton, second engineer; E A Brown, third engineer; P A Anderson, carpenter; Peter Lang, steward; Gavin Brown, steward; George Anderson, cook; James Collins; B Spence; Duncan Finlayson; Hugh Hamilton, able seaman; F Grindlay, donkeyman; Peter Kerr, fireman; Matthew Warner, fireman; James McBride; fireman; and Joseph Anderson, fireman.
It appears there were only 6 survivors, who were identified, namely George Allan, [ my uncle ] first mate, Robert D Buchanan, first engineer and William J Phillips, boatswain.
I presume now buried on the Isle of Man.
12th November 2008, 09:58
If i may also add, again it might help others
On the night of 22nd December 1894, the Abydos, Captain James Martin, master, was caught off the Isle of Man in the worst storm since 1839, the wind being reported as hurricane force west-northwest.
She was on a voyage from Glasgow to Savona in Italy, laden with 1,536 tons of coal, and foundered off the Calf of Man.
All twenty-one of the crew perished, except the six found. The first bodies were found at the back of Port Erin breakwater four days after it was estimated that she had been lost.
All were wearing lifejackets and all had died from hypothermia not drowning, and when found at first light.
Amongst this batch of bodies was the wreckage of a lifeboat. Later on in the day, a body was picked up by fishermen off Fleshwick who also spotted a large quantity of wreckage, including deckhouses, between Port Erin and Fleshwick.
On 2nd January 1895, another body of a crewman was found on the Calf of Man. The body was found above the high water mark, and with the life belt unstrapped from him and lying along side on the ground. It was supposed that after being thrown on the shore he crept away a short distance before taking his belt off, and then being too exhausted to proceed further, he lay down and died of exposure or hunger.
This i think is George Allan, my Uncle,as the family story goes "He came ashore with the ships papers", although our family was told he climbed a cliff with the papers in his mouth, then died of exposure!!
Possibly the normal family embelishment, or what they might of been told
On Tuesday 26th March 1895, the steam trawler Scart, of Douglas, picked up the body of a man about 7 miles off Niarbyl. From papers found on the body it proved to be that of a seaman, Duncan Findlayson, of Ross. This was the sixth body recovered and it was landed at Douglas.
“It is thought that the vessel foundered off the ‘Corner’ at the Calf and the bodies and articles recovered would be scattered by contrasting currents which prevail there.
That would account for the buoys and other things found on the west coast and the body (of William Phillips) found to the eastward of Poolvash. There has been very little wreckage, however, thrown up.”
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