Soviet Merchant Marine. Civil War in Spain 1936-1939

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Work in progress - Entry started November 2010 by Andrey Nelogov


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ms Max Hoeltz (Макс Гельц) under construction at Severnaya Shipyard, Leningrad.



Introduction[edit]

This short work is based on excellent article of Mr Alexander Rosin “Participation of Soviet Merchant Navy in Civil War in Spain 1936-1939”

I have an idea to find a list of ships which were lost by Soviet Union during the Civil war in results of Enemies actions and compare it with list of ships which were received by Soviet Union, i.e. bought or captured in Soviet ports in 1938-1939.

Soviet Merchant Navy participated in delivery of humanitarian aid, cargoes of bi-lateral trade and shipments of weapons and ammunition. Available information gives me no chance to prepare full and complete statistics about all above shipments. However, the information “as it is” about military shipments or transportation of Spanish gold seems interested to have an idea about the subject.

Refer to the article of Mr Alexander Rosin a Stalin’s decision to commence shipments of weapons and ammunition to support Republicans Government is dated on 6-th of September, 1936. In very beginning of February 1939 Stalin sent to M.O.D. instruction to stop any further shipments to Spain.


Soviet Merchant Ships sunk and seized by Spanish Nationalist Navy[edit]

Name Flag Built Shipyard Location BRT DWT LOA,m B,m D,m Speed Re-named Owner Details
Komsomol (Комсомол) USSR 1932 Severnya Shipyard Leningrad, USSR 5114 7540 121,21 16,21 7,52 11,0 14.12.1936; from Poti to Ghent; sunk in the western Mediterranean near Cape Palos by the cruiser CANARIAS
Smidovich (Смидович) USSR 1918 J.L.Thompson and Sons Ltd. North Sands, Sunderland, U.K. 2485 4217 90,32 13,82 6,10 8,0 (1939) re-named Castillo Penafiel, ex (1935) Noord (1939) Gerencia de Buques Mercantes Para Servicios Oficiales 09.01.1937; from Leningrad to Bilbao; captured near Bilbao by the destroyer VELASCO
Timiryazev (Тимирязев) USSR 1931 Nikolaev Shipyard Nikolaev, USSR 2109 3220 86,60 12,15 6,40 9,5 31.08.1937; from Cardiff to Port Said; torpedoed and sunk near Tizgirt (Algeria) by the Italian destroyer TURBINE
Blagoev (Благоев) USSR 1921 3100 03.09.1937; from Mariupol to Sett; sunk in the western Mediterranean near Cape Palos by the cruiser CANARIAS
Lensovet (Ленсовет) USSR 1923 4713 6624 115,26 15,87 7,01 9,5 (1939) re-named Castillo Bellver, ex (1935) Kazan, (1935) Age (1939) Gerencia de Buques Mercantes Para Servicios Oficiales 19.03.1938; from New York to Odessa; captured in the straits of Gibraltar
Skvortsov-Stepanov (Скворцов-Степанов) USSR 1931 Nikolaev Shipyard Nikolaev, USSR 2109 3220 86,60 12,15 6,40 9,5 (1939) re-named Castillo Maqueda (1939) Gerencia de Buques Mercantes Para Servicios Oficiales 26.05.1938; from Odessa to Marseilles; captured in the Mediterranean by the cruiser CANARIAS
Postyshev (Постышев) USSR 1921 Rotterdamsche Droogdok Maatschappij Rotterdam, Netherlands 3545 6020 113,69 14,96 6,78 10,0 (1939) re-named Castillo Olite, ex (1935) Zwartewater, (1930) Zaandijk (1939) Gerencia de Buques Mercantes Para Servicios Oficiales 31.05.1938; captured in the straits of Gibraltar by the auxiliary cruiser V.PUCHOL. 07.03.1939 she was sunk by Republicans artillery near Barcelona
Katayama (Катаяма) USSR 1912 Werf Voorheen Rijkee and Co. Rotterdam, Netherlands 3209 5315 109,00 14,76 6,50 9,0 (1939) re-named Castillo Ampudia, ex (1934) Jason, (1912) Charon (1939) Gerencia de Buques Mercantes Para Servicios Oficiales 17.10.1938; from Mariupol to Liverpool; captured in the Mediterranean by the minelayer VULCANO
Tsuryupa (Цюрупа) USSR 1932 Nikolaev Shipyard Nikolaev, USSR 2109 3220 86,60 12,15 6,40 9,5 (1939) re-named Castillo Villafranca (1939) Gerencia de Buques Mercantes Para Servicios Oficiales 23.10.1938; captured in the Mediterranean by the cruiser ALMIRANTE CERVERA
Max Hoeltz (Макс Гельц) USSR 1930 Severnya Shipyard Leningrad, USSR 3972 5950 105,46 14,80 6,75 11,0 (1939) Gerencia de Buques Mercantes Para Servicios Oficiales 02.11.1938; from North Africa to Black Sea; captured in the Mediterranean by the minelayer VULCANO

Spanish ships which were seized in Soviet Ports in 1938-1939[edit]

Name Flag Built Shipyard Location BRT DWT LOA,m B,m D,m Speed Re-named Owner
Inocencio Figaredo Spain 1898 Short Brothers Ltd. Pallion, Sunderland, U.K. 2823 96,30 12,80 10,0 (1939) re-named Bryansk (Брянск), ex (1919) Olvaarriaga, (1917) Holms Island, (1916) Grelford, (1903) Nancy Lee, (1898) Minterne (1939) Black Sea State Shipping Company
Isla de Gran Canaria Spain 1921 Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval Sestao Bilbao, Spain 5421 5620 112,90 14,66 7,65 14,2 (1939) re-named Pskov (Псков), ex (1929) Mar Adriatico (1939) Black Sea State Shipping Company
Cabo San Augustin Spain 1931 Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval Sestao Bilbao, Spain 12589 9900 151,80 19,20 7,60 16,0 (1939) re-named Dnepr (Днепр) (1939) Soviet Navy
Маr Blanco Spain 1920 Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval Sestao Bilbao, Spain 5152 6700 113,28 14,66 8,13 10,0 (1939) re-named Orel (Орел) (1939) Black Sea State Shipping Company
Ciudad de Ibiza Spain 1933 Unión Naval de Levante S.A. Valencia, Spain 2034 810 75,90 11,14 5,20 15,0 (1938) re-named Belostok (Белосток) (1939) Black Sea State Shipping Company
Ciudad de Tarragona Spain 1933 Unión Naval de Levante S.A. Valencia, Spain 2034 810 75,90 11,14 5,20 15,0 (1938) re-named Lvov (Львов) (1939) Black Sea State Shipping Company
Juan Sebastian Elcano Spain 1928 Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval Sestao Bilbao, Spain 9965 6200 140,10 17,06 6,60 16,0 (1939) re-named Volga (Волга) (1939) Soviet Navy
Cabo Quilates Spain 1927 Compania Euskalduna Bilbao, Spain 6629 126,00 16,00 7,00 12,5 (1939) re-named Dvina (Двина), ex (1936) Ibai (1939) Soviet Navy


10 ships (32465 BRT) of Soviet Merchant Navy lost, 8 ships (46647 BRT) of Spanish companies were captured in Soviet ports and later were used in Soviet Merchant fleet and Navy


Shipments of weapons and ammunition from Soviet Ports to Spain and France[edit]

Nr. Name BRT Flag Type POL Sailed POD Arrived Cargo
1 Campeche 6382 Spain Tanker Feodosia 26.09.1936 Cartagena 04.10.1936 6x 115mm Vickers howitzer + 6.000 shells, 240x 76mm grenade-gun + 100.000 shells, 350x machine guns St.Etiennes, Colts, Vickers, 200x machine guns Maxim, Hochkins, 21.347x guns + 16.500.000 cartridges
2 Komsomol 5114 USSR General Cargo Ship Feodosia 04.10.1936 Cartagena 12.10.1936 50x T26 light tanks
3 Stary Bolshevik 3974 USSR Timber Carrier Feodosia 07.10.1936 Cartagena 15.10.1936 10x SB aircrafts (bombers)
4 KIM 5114 USSR General Cargo Ship 13.10.1936 Cartagena 19.10.1936 10x SB aircrafts (bombers)
5 Volgoles 3946 USSR Timber Carrier 13.10.1936 Cartagena 21.10.1936 10x SB aircrafts (bombers)
6 Karl Lepin 3974 USSR Timber Carrier Sevastopol 20.10.1936 Cartagena 28.10.1936 25x I15 aircrafts (fighters), Armoured vehicles: 17x BA6, 3x BA3, 10x FAI
7 A.Andreev 2850 USSR General Cargo Ship Leningrad 22.10.1936 Bilbao 01.11.1936 15x I15 aircrafts (fighters), Armoured vehicles: 20x BA6, 10x FAI, 6x 127mm Armstrong cannon + 7.000 shells, 16x 37mm Puska-Maklen M1917 cannon + 25.000 shells, 200x machine gunsLewis 0.303, 9.500.000 cartridges 0.303, 9.150.000 cartridges, 15.655x guns, 50x grenade guns + 40.000 grenades
8 Kursk 5801 USSR General Cargo Ship Sevastopol 25.10.1936 Alicante 03.11.1936 16x I16 aircrafts (fighters), 150x machine guns Degtyarev, 6x 127mm Armstrong cannon + 40.000 shells, 9.000x guns Winchester, 11.000.000 cartridges
9 Blagoev 3100 USSR General Cargo Ship Sevastopol 26.10.1936 Cartagena 04.11.1936 15x I16 aircrafts (fighters), 200x machine guns Lewis 0.303 + 4.000.000 cartridges, 200x machine guns Maxim M10/28, 15x Puska-Maklen M1917 cannon + 25.000 shells, 19.000.000 cartridges, 100 tons powder
10 Artza Mendi 2955 Spain General Cargo Ship Leningrad 06.11.1936 Bilbao 16.11.1936 300x machine guns Colt + 6.000.000 cartridges, 1.000x guns 0.303 + 1.500.000 cartridges, 1.500.000 cartridges, 900x Lebel guns, 50.000 grenades F-1, 4x 115mm Vickers cannon + 10.000 shells
11 Linhaug? Spain General Cargo Ship 26.10.1936 Cartagena 10.11.1936 22x 77mm Krupp cannon + 13.000 shells, 8(10?)x 105mm Krupp howitzer + 40.000 shells
12 Sergo 7956 USSR Tanker 01.11.1936 Cartagena 11.11.1936 2221 to gasoil + 1689 to kerosene
13 Aldecoa 6089 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship Sevastopol 04.11.1936 Cartagena 19.11.1936 31x R5SSS aircrafts (attack planes)
14 Cabo Palos 6342 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship Sevastopol 15.11.1936 Cartagena 25.11.1936 36x T26 light tanks, 84x 115mm Vickers howitzer + 90.522 shells, 2.320 guns, 1.010 pistols, 27.500.000 cartridges, 505.000 pistols cartridges, 70.000 grenades, 100.000x 45mm shells
15 Chicherin 1853 USSR Passenger Ship Sevastopol 17.11.1936 Cartagena 26.11.1936 200 military specialists
16 Mar Caribe 5152 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship Sevastopol 20.11.1936 Cartagena 30.11.1936 19x T26 light tanks, 1.035.000 cartridges, 84.000x 115mm shells
17 Darro 2610 Spain General Cargo Ship 22.12.1936 Cartagena 30.12.1936 20(30?)x I15 aicrafts (fighters), 17.500x bombs, 2x radio
18 Sac? Spain General Cargo Ship 04.01.1937 Cartagena 16.01.1937 3x roadtankers, 20.000.000 cartridges, 25.500x guns Mosin/Nagant M91
19 Mar Blanco 5152 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship 06.01.1937 Cartagena 16.01.1937 30x I15 aircrafts (fighters), 32x 76,2mm cannon M1931 + 32.600 shells, 24.500x guns Mosin/Nagant M91/30 + 30.000.000 cartridges
20 Aldecoa 6089 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship 05.02.1937 Cartagena 14.02.1937 31x R3et aircrafts (light bombers), 12.500x bombs, 200 bombs, 3x roadtankers, 3.500.000 cartridges for machine guns, 1.948.000 cartridges, 1.891.000 cartridges PV-1, 20x 115mm Vickers howitzer + 40.798 shells, 50.000x shells 37mm, 7.010x shells 47mm, 17.600x shells 76mm, 16 searchlights
21 Turksib 3160 USSR General Cargo Ship 16.02.1937 Cartagena 26.02.1937 Military specialists
22 Darro 2610 Spain General Cargo Ship 27.02.1937 Cartagena 05.03.1937 40x Т26 light tanks, 1.646 machine guns Degtyarev, 277x machine guns, 20.720x guns Mosin/Nagant, 17.000x shells 45mm
23 Cabo Santo Tome 12589 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship 28.02.1937 Cartagena 06.03.1937 60x Т26 light tanks, 65.000.000 cartridges, 28.222x shells 115mm, 29.270x guns Mosin/Nagant
24 Antonio de Satrustegui 3289 Spain General Cargo Ship 02.03.1937 Cartagena 13.03.1937 56.022 cartridges, 4.800x shells 115mm, 210.000x shells 45mm, 49.000x shells 76mm
25 Escolano Spain General Cargo Ship 21.04.1937 29.04.1937 11.700x bombs, 10x 45mm cannon, 15x cannon 45/46mm, 35.032.000 cartridges, 200x air engines, 17.109x shells 115mm, 900x shells 76,2mm
26 Cabo Santo Tome 12589 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship 25.04.1937 01.05.1937 31x R3et aircrafts (light bombers), 2x torpedo boats G5, 8x torpedoes, 601x machine guns Maxim M10/28, 1000x machines gings Maxim-Tokarev M08/15, 10572(10750?)x bombs, 2x roadtankers, 40x cannon 76mm, 64.910.000 cartridges, 2.500.000 cartridges ShKAS, 67.851.775 cartridges Maxim, 7.000 cartridges, 25.000x guns Mosin/Nagant, 81.377x shells 115mm, 200.000x shells 45mm, 100.000x shells 76mm, 20x radioанций, 1x repairshop
27 Cabo Palos 6342 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship 29.04.1937 07.05.1937 31x I16 aircraft (fighters), 50x Т26 tanks, 10x DT machine guns, 3x Maxim M10/28, 2x road tankers, 10x 45mm cannon, 100x cannon SS 45/46mm, 44.743.000 cartridges + 2.800.000 cartridges, 6.302.500x 7,62mm cartridges, 30.000x Maxim cartridges, 300.000 capsules, 10.000x guns, 15.000x guns Mosin Nagant M91, 20x tank engines + 300.000 shells 45mm, 12x Degtyarev machine guns parts, 150x Maxim machine guns parts, 219x SS 45/46 cannon parts
28 Ciudad de Cadiz 4602 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship 03.05.1937 Cartagena 11.05.1937 40x 107mm cannon Meiji 38/1905 + 48.000x shells
29 Sac-2 Spain General Cargo Ship 08.05.1937 21.05.1937 31x P3et aircrafts (light bombers), 6x machine guns, 6.000 + 1.000 bombs, 60.000x machine guns cartridges AA, 500.000x machine guns cartridges PV1, 625.000x machine guns cartridges ShKAS, 5x radio stations
30 Antonio de Satrustegui 3289 Spain General Cargo Ship 12.05.1937 21.05.1937 17x I16 aircrafts (fighters), 10x machine guns ShKAS, 8x trucks, 3.750x bombs, 60.000x machine guns cartridges, 1.500.000x machine guns cartridges PV1, 1.500.000 machine guns cartridges ShKAS, 130x propellers, 18 + 3 aircrafts’ engine, 51.297x shells 107mm
31 Artea Mendi 3554 Spain General Cargo Ship 20.05.1937 31.05.1937 10x SB aircrafts (bombers), 23x aircrafts I15 (fighters), 10x machine guns ShKAS, 650 + 1000 + 20 bombs, 60.000 + 60.000 machine guns cartridges, 800.180 (or 800.280) machine guns cartridges ShKAS, 2.000x fire cartridges, 660.000x cartridges
32 Aldecoa 6089 Spain General Cargo Ship 31.05.1937 21.06.1937 21x SB aircrafts (bombers), 2x torpedo boats G-5, 8x torpedoes, 1350 + 2000 + 40 + 15 bombs, 250x guns, 60.000x cartridges, 1.701.000x machine guns cartridges ShKAS, 4.000x fire cartridges, 7.000x helmets, 1.360.000x machine guns’ tape, 531.250x fuse, 1.000x shells, 11.968x shells 153mm
33 Cabo Santo Tome 12589 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship 24.06.1937 30.06.1937 8x I15 aircrafts (fighters), 14x I16 aircrafts (fighters), 4x UTI4 aircrafts (training aircraft), 750x machine guns, 500x bombs, 2x fuel supply road tankers, 2 + 2 cannon, 32x 155mm cannon, 4x 20mm cannon, 80.000x machine guns cartridges, 1.000.120 fire cartridges, 2.400.240 cartridges PV1, 2 fuel tanks, 4x mortar, 24x 152mm howitzer, 76.061 shells 152mm and 155mm, 2.000 shells 20mm, 2.000 shells
34 Iciar 4584 Spain General Cargo Ship 24.06.1937 30.06.1937 32x cannon, 750x machine guns, 25.000x guns 7,62mm Mosin Nagant 7,62x54R
35 Darro 2610 Spain General Cargo Ship Leningrad 29.07.1937 10.08.1937 8.815x bombs, 80.000x machine guns cartridges, 404 tons air fuel, 10 projectors, other non-military cargoes
36 Cabo San Agustin 12589 Spain Cargo Passenger Ship Sevastopol 30.07.1937 10.08.1937 62x aircrafts I16 (fighters), 50x tanks BT5, 8x machine guns DT, 1.007x machine guns Maxim M10/28, 2.000x machine guns Maxim-Tokarev M08/15, 10x 45mm cannon, 4x cannon SS 45/46mm, 52.696.000x cartridges, 80.000x machine guns cartridges DT, 2.600.000x machine guns cartridges ShKAS, 400.000x fire cartridges, 1.209.000x piercing cartridges, 39.550x guns Mosin Nagant M91/30 7.62x53 mm, 40x propellers, 15 + 50 + 3 tank engines, 20.000x shells 45mm, 45.000x piercing shells 45mm, 68x wheels for SB bombers
37 Guilvinec 3222 France General Cargo Ship 14.12.1937 25.12.1937 500x machine guns Luger, 25x machine guns, 20x cannon SS 45/46mm, 5x parts cannon AA 76,2mm
38 Bonifacio 3566 France General Cargo Ship 23.01.1938 07.02.1938 1350x machine guns DT, 50x machine guns Maxim M10/28, 750x machine guns Maxim-Tokarev M08/15, 51x 76mm cannon, 12x 76,2mm cannon M1931, 8.400x guns, 26.500x guns Mosin-Nagant, 80x aircrafts’ engine
39 Ain el Turk 2508 France General Cargo Ship 13.02.1938 26.02.1938 20x 107mm cannon Meiji/1905, 20x 76,2mm cannon, 7.940.000x cartridges 7,62mm, 40.100x guns Mosin Nagant M91/30 7.62x53mmR, 50x aircrafts’ engine, 15x mortars 115mm Vickers, 152.000x shells
40 Gravelines 2477 France General Cargo Ship Gdynia 01.03.1938 Bordeaux 13.03.1938 5x aircrafts SB (bombers), 25x tanks Т26, 1000x machine guns Luger ZB26/30, 20x 76mm cannon, 10.000.000x cartridges, 50.000x guns VZ24 Mausers 7.92mm (Mauser Brno), 35.116x shells 76mm
41 Bougaroni 3050 France General Cargo Ship 22.03.1938 02.04.1938 31x aircrafts I16 (fighters), 250x cannon SS 37/45mm, 1.450.000 cartridges + 20.945.400 cartridges, 5.154x shells 155mm, 5.128.200x shells 37mm
42 Winnipeg 8379 France General Cargo Ship 29.03.1938 Bordeaux 06.04.1938 16x aircrafts (bombers) СБ, 7724x boms, 19x cannon Putilov 76,2mm M02/30, 35.621.672 cartridges + 16.924.400 cartridges, 30x howitzer 115mm Vickers, 45.049x shells
43 Ibai 6342 Spain General Cargo Ship
44 Bonifacio 3566 France General Cargo Ship Murmansk 05.04.1938 Bordeaux 17.04.1938 10x aircrafts SB (bombers), 1.000x machine guns Luger ZB26/30, 30.000.000 cartridges + 4.990.976 cartridges
45 Saint Malo 5779 France General Cargo Ship 27.04.1938 08.05.1938
46 Ain el Turk 2508 France General Cargo Ship 13.06.1938 27.06.1938 25x aircrafts I16 (fighters)
47 Winnipeg 8379 France General Cargo Ship 14.07.1938 24.07.1938 65x aircrafts I16 (fighters)
48 Bougaroni 3050 France General Cargo Ship 11.08.1938 11.08.1938 34x aircrafts I16 (fighters)

Information about further shipments is not available in details. Mr Alexander Rosin says about 7 ships sailed from Murmansk to France in period since 15.12.1938 till 15.02.1939. Following cargoes were shipped: 50x aircrafts SB (bomber), 18x aircrafts Nyeman R10 (bomber), 6x aircrafts UTI4 (training), 70x aircrafts I16 (fighter), 30x aircrafts I15bis, 40x tanks T26, 15x torpedo boats, 40x howitzers Vickers 115mm, 20x howitzers 122mm, 17x cannon Armstrong 127mm, 14x cannon 107mm, 108x cannon 76mm, 120x cannon SS 45/46mm, 180 cannon SS 37/46mm, 500x machine guns PV1, 2.000x machine guns Maxim M10/28, 2.000x machine guns DP, 40.000x guns Mosin-Nagant, 41.000x shells АА, 164.598x shells 45mm, 37.360x shells, 50.000.000x cartridges.

Spanish Ships in Soviet Fleet During WW2[edit]

1. VOLGA (Волга, ex Juan Sebastian Elcano, Хуан Себастьян Элькано, Owners: Transatlantico and Cia), built 04.1928 by Espanola, Sestao / 9965 to / LOA 140,10 m / B 17,00 m / D 6,56 m / 2 steam turbines x 2750 HP each / 14,0 knots. She was used as a submarine floating base. BU 1968 in Inkerman, USSR. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz/ship/show/172133

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Cabo San Agustin (DNEPR). Photo by courtesy of Klaus, SN member

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Cabo San Tome, sister-ship Cabo San Agustin (DNEPR)

2. DNEPR (Днепр, ex Cabo San Agustin, Кабо Сан Агустин, Owners: Ybarra and Cia) / hospital ship since 12.08.1941 (ex training ship) / built 9.1931 by Espanola, Sestao / LPP 147,10 m / B 19,30 m / 11868 to / Complement in last voyage: 203 / Master A.N.Morgunov, Navy rank: Commander / On 03.10.1941 Abkhaziya, DNEPR (Master A.N.Morgunov, Navy rank: Commander), Chekhov with destroyer SMYSHLENNY and mine-sweeper T-408 YAKOR sailed from Novorossiysk to Sevastopol. At 19:20 the convoy was attacked by German torpedo aircrafts from distance 1000 meters. One of six torpedoes hit DNEPR and she sank at 19:30in 44°38'N 37°15'Е (1200 meters). 40 crew and passengers were lost / 163 crew and passengers were rescued by mine-sweeper. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz/ship/show/256444

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Ciudad de Ibiza (Belostok). Photo by courtesy of Klaus, SN member

3. Belostok (Белосток, ex Ciudad de Ibiza, Сьюдад де Ибиза, Owners: Transmediterrania Compania) / Cargo-passenger ship / 03.1933 Union Levante, Valencia / LOA 75,90 m / B 11,40 m / D 4,70 m / 2 diesel engine x 1500 HP each / 12,50 knots / 2048 BRT / Black Sea State Shipping Company / Capt.T.P.Rymkus (Navy lieutenant) / 20nm S Cape Meganom, Sevastopol / On 19.06.1942 at 01:48 she was torpedoed and sunk by German torpedo boat S-102 during sailing from Sevastopol / Complement in last voyage: 127 crew, 375 wounded, 43 civilians / 388 crew and passengers were lost / 75 wounded, 3 passengers and 79 crew were rescued. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz/ship/show/240777


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ms Lvov, ex Ciudad de Tarragona (sister-ship ms Belostok, ex Ciudad de Ibiza) in Odessa


4. Lvov (Львов, ex Ciudad de Tarragona (Сьюдад де Таррагона, Owners: Transmediterrania Compania, sister-ship Ciudad de Ibiza, re-named Lvov) / Black Sea State Shipping Company / She was used as submarine floating base until 17.12.1941, since 23.12.1941 was converted into and used as a hospital ship. Lvov was one of most successful Soviet ship within WW2 awarded with Red Banner medal (Total 35 voyages until 1944 / 12431 passengers).

5. Bryansk (Брянск, ex Inocencio Figaredo, blt 1898) / Cargo Passenger Ship / 2823 BRT / Black Sea State Shipping Co. / Capt.K.S.Goronenko / On 21.08.1941 she was sunk by German aircraft at 46°32' N, 30°52' E while sailing from Odessa to Sevastopol. No information about crew.

6. Pskov (Псков, ex Isla de Gran Canaria, blt 1921) / Cargo Ship / 3549 BRT / Black Sea State Shipping Co. On 30.06.1941 she was sunk by Soviet Army when retirement from Odessa

7. Orel (Орел, ex Маr Blanco, blt 1920) / Cargo Ship / 5152 BRT / Black Sea State Shipping Co. On 30.06.1941 she was sunk by Soviet Army when retirement from Odessa

Both 6 and 7 ships were under repair in Odessa

8. DVINA (Двина, ex Ibai (1936), ex Cabo Quilates, blt 1927, Owners: Compania Euskalduna). The ship was seized by Soviet Union in Port of Murmansk in 1939. Until July 1942 she was in North Fleet of Soviet Navy, then was delivered to Merchant Navy. The ship was included in 3-rd Arctic convoy to proceed to USA via North (Arctic) Way. However, due to very strong ice conditions Dvina returned to West and continued sole sailing to Iceland with cargo of ore on board. On 25.01.1943 ss Dvina arrived in New York. After discharging and repair she proceeded to Vladivostok via Panama canal and was delivered to Far East State Shipping Co. Until 1945 ss Dvina made 8 voyages from USA and Canada to USSR and participate in War with Japan (1945) as troop / military transport.

Bibliography[edit]

1. Розин Александр. Советские моряки в Гражданской войне в Испании в 1936-1939гг. http://alerozin.narod.ru/SovietSpain1.htm

2. Roger W Jordan. The World's Merchant Fleet 1939. Chathan Publishing, London, 1999

3. La Compañía Trasmediterránea a través de sus buques. http://www.trasmeships.es/

4. Stalin and Spanish Civil War. http://www.gutenberg-e.org/kod01/kod14.html

5. Анатолий Одайник, Виталий Костриченко. СУДОХОДСТВО, 1995 г.

6. Ю.Н.Трифонов. Суда торгового флота Германии, Финляндии и Румынии, переданные после Второй мировой войны СССР. Москва, 2003