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Soviet Merchant Marine Losses in WW2 (Black Sea, Caspian and Pacific)

From SN Guides

Work in progress - Entry started August 2009 by Andrey Nelogov


Source http://militera.lib.ru/research/mmf/index.html

Download http://militera.lib.ru/h/0/chm/mmf.zip Russian language

Enemies actions in AREA Air Force Submarines Fleet Mines Artillery Several reasons Weather conditions Other reasons Captured by enemies Captured in Soviet ports Destroyed by Soviet Army TOTAL
Arctic and Atlantic 4 22 4 6 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 41
Baltic 39 1 5 20 6 3 6 0 35 22 3 140
Black 57 5 7 14 2 2 3 3 0 0 18 111
Caspian 5 0 0 0 0 0 3 6 0 0 0 14
Pacific 2 8 0 1 2 0 7 3 0 0 0 23
TOTAL 107 36 16 41 10 7 21 13 35 22 21 329


Type of ships Cargo ships Cargo-passengers Icebreakers Tankers Science Rescue and Port Others TOTAL B.R.T.
Arctic and Atlantic Oceans 27 2 2 2 2 4 2 41 119600
Baltic Sea 54 14 7 0 0 5 0 80 127800
Black Sea 40 23 5 7 0 10 8 93 170900
Caspian Sea 5 0 0 2 0 1 6 14 17400
Pacific and Indian Oceans 18 2 1 2 0 0 0 23 84900
SUBTOTAL 144 41 15 13 2 20 16 251 520600
Captured by enemies abroad 32 1 0 0 0 0 2 35 94200
Captured in Soviet Ports 16 3 0 0 0 0 3 22 29500
Destroyed by Red Army 11 3 2 0 0 3 2 21 54000
SUBTOTAL 59 7 2 0 0 3 7 78 177700
TOTAL 203 48 17 13 2 23 23 329 698300

Information about ARCTIC, ATLANTIC AND BALTIC SEA IN DETAILS is available at Soviet Merchant Marine Losses in WW2

Special Reports: A tragedy in Baltic. Evacuation of Baltic Fleet, Soviet troops and Civilians from Tallinn to Leningrad on 28-30.08.1941, London Reefers and Volgoles Type of Andre Marti Shipyard are available at Soviet Merchant Marine Losses in WW2



Contents

BLACK SEA IN DETAILS

The Article is moved to Soviet Merchant Marine Losses in WW2 (Black Sea)


CASPIAN SEA IN DETAILS

Image:Baku.JPG

Baku. Homeport for Soviet Caspian Fleet


Image:ANE554_2.JPG


Since 1938 Soviet Fleet in Caspian Sea was operated by three State own Shipping Companies: Caspian State (Dry) Cargo Shipping Co. (Caspflot, Каспфлот), Caspian State Tanker Shipping Co. (Casptanker, Касптанкер) and Caspian State Short Sea and River Tanker Co (Reidtanker, Рейдтанкер).

Date - Ship's name / type / BRT / Master's name / Place / Reason / additional details / Crew lost and survive

1941

No ships were lost

1942

24.10.1942 – Molot (Молот – Hummer) / Cargo ship / 498 BRT / Caspflot / Capt.M.G.Ter-Kazarov; She was lost in a voyage from Baku to Krasnovodsk. Place and reason of disaster are unknown. Master and crew were lost.

26.10.1942 - Amerika (Америка – America) / Barge / 995 BRT / Casptanker; She was sunk by German aircraft on roads of Port of Astrakhan. 1 crew was lost / 8 crew were rescued by Navy Boat M-14.

26.10.1942 - Udarnik (Ударник – Labor leaded, person who has better results) / Tug ship (special purpose ship) / 3110 BRT / Reidtanker / Capt.N.V.Krasnov; She was a flagship of Caspian fleet. The ship was attacked and sunk by German aircrafts on the roads of Astrakhan Port. Master, 12 crew and passenger, including S.I.Galkin, Deputy Director of Reidtanker were lost / 12 were wounded.

29.10.1942 – Barge # 21 (Шаланда № 21) / 850 to / Caspflot / Capt.N.G.Vikharev; Volgo-Caspian Channel / She was sunk by German aircrafts. 5 crew and passengers were lost / 9 crew and passengers were rescued by steamship Bakinets.

30.10.1941 - Komintern (Коминтерн – Communist International Organization) / Reidtanker / Capt.Groshev / Astrakhan Port roads. She was sunk by German aircrafts. 3 crew were lost.

15.11.1942 - Kulibekov (Кулибеков) / 1754 BRT / Casptanker / Capt.M.I.Shlyupkin / Astrakhan Port roads. She was sunk by German aircrafts on a way from Astrkhan to Bautino. 4 crew were lost (I.I.Mityukhin – chief engineer, I.I.Grigoriev – 4-th engineer, seamen P.I.Ruzavin and V.I.Smirnov) / 1 crew were wounded / 43 crew and passengers including 12 children were rescued by Navy boat ARTILLERIST.

18.11.1942 - Tankist (Танкист – tank crew member) / Barge / Caspflot / Bandar-Shah, Iran Explosion on board while loading imo 1 class cargoes / 6 crew were lost баржа

29.11.1942 - Talycha (Талыча) / Barge / Reidtanker /Astrakhan Port roads / Wrecked / 6 crew were lost / 5 crew were rescued by Hydrographic Ship Tbilisi.

1943

27.07.1943 - Lighter # 3032 (Лихтер № 3032) / Reidtanker / Close to Makhachkala Port / Wrecked / No crew were lost.

24.10.1943 - Osetin (Осетин – Ossetian) / Cargo ship / 1850 BRT / Caspflot / Capt.Petrov. She was lost in result of explosion imo 1 class cargoes under discharging in Port of Krasnovodsk. 14 crew were lost / 6 crew were wounded.

24.10.1943 - Orlyonok (Орлёнок – Eagle's chick) / Cargo ship / 1440 BRT / Caspflot / She was lost in result of explosion imo 1 class cargoes under discharging in Port of Krasnovodsk. 3 crew were lost / 7 crew were wounded (see also Osetin and Muraviev)

24.10.1943 - Muraviev (Муравьёв) / Water supply tanker / 931 BRT / Caspflot / Capt.K.E.Vladimirtsev / She was lost in result of explosion imo 1 class cargoes under discharging in Port of Krasnovodsk. 10 crew were lost / 11 crew were wounded (see also Osetin and Orlyonok)

29.10.1943 - Kuybyshev (Куйбышев – One of Soviet Communist Leaders) / Cargo ship / 1805 BRT / Caspflot / Capt.E.A.Rovinsky / She was lost during a voyage from Navashehr, Iran to Makhachkala. Place and reasons are not know. 41 crew were lost.

1944

12.01.1944 – Barge # 19 (Шаланда № 19) / Barge / 1700 to / Caspflot / Capt.V.I.Cheremin / Wrecked during a voyage from Bandar-Shah to Baku / Master and 4 crew were lost.

1945

No ships were lost


The above is complete list of Soviet Merchant Marine Losses in WW2 in Caspian Sea.

PACIFIC AND INDIAN OCEANS IN DETAILS

work in progress

1941

25.07.1941 – Kazak Poyarkov (Казак Поярков); Ice Breaker / 1200 HP / 1035 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.G.A.Leschetny / Japan Sea / Mines / 30 crew were lost and 15 crew were rescued

Four ships which were under repair in Honk Kong and lost in very beginning of War in Pacific Area:

1/4 - 14.12.1941 - Krechet (Кречет); Cargo-passenger ship / 2282 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.V.K.Bozhanov / Port of Hong Kong / Japanese artillery / No crew were lost

2/4 - 18.12.1941 – Svirstroy (Свирьстрой – combi Svir, name of River in NW Russia and Stroy – building, construction); Cargo ship / 4769 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.V.E.Nikolaev / Port of Hong Kong; Japanese artillery / 2 crew were lost

3/4 - 23.12.1941 – Sergey Lazo (Сергей Лазо – Russian communist leader and Red Army commander in period of Civil War); Cargo ship / 2975 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.V.E.Nikolaev / Port of Hong Kong / She was abandoned on Hong Kong roads / No crew were lost

4/4 - December 1941 – total lost 01.12.1942 – Simferopol (Симферополь – City in Crimea); Cargo ship / 2696 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.A.N.Shusharin / Port of Hong Kong / She was abandoned on Hong Kong roads / No crew were lost

18.12.1941 – Perekop (Перекоп – area in Crimea, connecting Crimean peninsula and main land); Cargo ship / 2493 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.A.A.Demidov / She was lost in result of attacks of Japanese aircrafts on a way from Vladivostok to Surabaya / 8 crew were lost / 8 crew were wounded. Crew left the ship and landed on Natuna island. Next year the crew returned to USSR via Singapore, Hong Kong and Shanghai.

26.12.1941 – Maykop (Майкоп – City in South part of Russia, Capital of Adygea); Cargo ship / 1846 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.A.V.Levchenko; She was seriously damaged in result of attacks of Japanese aircrafts on 20.12.1941 and 21.12.1941. Crew left her on 26.12.1941; 1 crew (E.I.Dianov, radio operator) was lost / 6 were wounded. Crew landed Mindanao island and founded and sent to Manila by Japanese army in May 1942, then to Shanghai and USSR.

1942

20.04.1942 - Turksib (Турксиб – abbr. Turkestan and Siberia, name of railway from Central Asia to Siberia built in very beginning of 1930-th); Cargo ship / 3160 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Unimak strait / Wrecked / No information about losses.

01.05.1942 – Angarstroy (Ангарстрой – combi Angara, River in Eastern part of Russia and Story – building, construction); Cargo ship / 4761 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.G.R.Bondarenko / East Chinese Sea / She was sunk by unidentified submarine on a way from San Francisco to Vladovostok. 46 crew and 14 passengers were rescued by Japanese ship Kayo Maru and delivered to Shanghai, then to Vladivostok.

03.10.1942 – Mikoyan (Микоян – Anastas Mikoyan, one of Soviet Leaders within 1930-1960 th); Cargo ship / 2332 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.I.V.Treskin / Bengal Gulf / She was sunk by Japanese submarine I-162 on a way from Calcutta to Karachi / No crew were lost and returned to USSR via India and Iran.

1943

17.02.1943 - Kola (Кола); Cargo ship / 2654 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.L.M.Soloviev / Tsusima strait / She was sunk by US Navy submarine SS-276 "Sawfish". Master, 44 crew, 10 navy persons and 16 passengers were lost on board and at sea within 2 weeks sailing on ships boats.

17.02.1943 – Ilmen (Ильмень – Lake in North Western Part of Russia); Cargo ship / 2369 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.A.D.Moguchy / Pacific Ocean / She was sunk the same US Navy submarine SS-276 "Sawfish" on a way from Vladivostok to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. 7 crew were lost / 35 crew were rescued by ss Kashirstroy (Capt.G.I.Makarov).

Image:ANE867.jpg

Image:ANE868.JPG

Uzbekistan and her sister Kazahstan in France. Photo from Vodny Transport Magazine 10/1937

01.04.1943 – Uzbekistan (Узбекистан – one of USSR republics); Cargo ship / Far East State Shipping Company / 3400 BRT / North Western Coast USA / Wrecked / No information about losses.

04.07.1943 – Kherson (Херсон – City in Crimea); Cargo ship / 7300 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.A.A.Orlov / Kamchatka / Wrecked / No crew were lost

14.11.1943 – Mariupol (Мариуполь – Ukrainian City); 7024 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / near Shumshu island / Wrecked / No information about losses.

1944

12.01.1944 – Tymlat (Тымлат); Cargo ship / 2699 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.M.S.Moskalenko / Kamchatka / Wrecked / Master and 34 crew were lost / 13 crew were rescued by ss Kiev.

06.02.1944 – Msta (Мста); Cargo ship / 1984 BRT / Nikolaevsk-on-Amur Shipping Company / Nagaevo / Wrecked / No information about losses.

03.03.1944 – Belorussia (Белоруссия – one of USSR republics); Cargo ship (timber carrier) / 2920 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.K.G.Kondratiev / Okhotsk Sea / She was sunk by Japanese submarine / Master and 39 crew were lost on board and at sea / 2 crew survive and returned to USSR in June 1944.

22.04.1944 – Pavlin Vinogradov (Павлин-Виноградов); Cargo ship / 2864 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.F.F.Drozdov / Pacific Ocean near Alaska / She was sunk by unidentified submarine / Master and 32 crew were lost / 9 wounded crew survive and returned from Dutch Harbor and Akutane to USSR.

Image:Ilich.jpg

ss Ilich. Post Card issued by Okrlit Publishing, Odessa in beginning of 1930-th.

24.06.1944 – Ilich (Ильич – Second name of Lenin); Cargo passenger ship / 4166 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.I.S.Sergeev / Port of Portland, USA / She sank alongside of berth due to unknown reasons / 1 crew (A.Arekhpaeva) was lost and 66 crew were rescued

06.07.1944 – Ob (Обь – River in North East part of Russia); Cargo ship / 2198 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Capt.S.D.Panfilov / Okhotsk Sea / She was sunk by unidentified submarine on a way from Vladivostok to Petropavslovsk-Kamchatsky / Master and 13 crew were lost.

1945

31.05.1945 – Uzbekistan (II) (Узбекистан – one of USSR republics); 5551 BRT / Far East State Shipping Company / Dutch Harbor / She was lost in collision with ss American Star / No crew were lost.

Image:Capt_Gavrilov.jpg

Captain I.G.Gavrilov. Master of Vyborg (first Baltic Shipping vessel lost at sea in WW2) and Transbalt (last of Soviet Merchant Ship lost in WW2). Photo dated 1970 (70-th anniversary of Captain I.G.Gavrilov) from Morskoy Flot, Monthly Journal of USSR Merchant Marine # 10.1970)

13.06.1945 – Transbalt (Трансбалт – Abbr. Transport and Baltic); Cargo Passenger Ship / 11439 BRT / Far East State Shipping Co. / Capt.I.G.Gavrilov; Friendly fire; 5 crew were lost and 94 crew and passengers survive;

The avove is complete list of Pacific and Indian Ocean in details.


Note: Transbalt. A Past Epoch

Image:Transbalt_Sovtorglot_Low.jpg

Source of the image: Sovtorgflot manual book 1925 (Совторгфлот. Акционерное общество Советский торговый флот. Москва. Петровка, 4. Sovtorgflot. Joint Stock Company Soviet Merchant Marine. Moscow. Petrovka street, 4)


Image:Transbalt.jpg

Source of the photo http://www.fesco.ru/fleetr/second/f719.html

She was launched on 10.05.1899 by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg for the Hamburg America Line as Belgravia, a 10,155 gross ton ship, length 501.1ft x beam 62.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 300-2nd and 2,400-3rd class. She sailed from Hamburg on her maiden voyage to Baltimore on 16.08.1899 and subsequently ran between Hamburg and New York or Baltimore; or Genoa – Naples – New York. In 1900 she was rebuilt to 10,982 tons and on 9th Feb.1905 commenced her last voyage between Hamburg and Baltimore. In May 1905 she was sold to the Russian Navy and renamed RIGA. Transferred to the Black and Asov Sea Steamship Co., Odessa in 1906 and in 1920 was taken over by the state shipping company, Sovtorgflot and renamed Transbalt. She had a first voyage under Soviet flag on 23.07.1921 to Germany to pick up about 700 passengers (mainly ex prisoners of war). Since 1918 till 1923 ss Transbalt was in fleet of Baltic Department of Sovtorgflot. In 1923 she was delivered to Black Sea Department of Sovtorgflot to work on line between Black Sea and Soviet Far East. Within 10 years she was a biggest Soviet Merchant ship and a flagship of Merchant Marine. In 1941 she was delivered to Far East Shipping Co. On 13.06.1945 at 03:36 she was torpedoed and sunk by US submarine SPADEFISH in La Perouse Strait when sailed from Seattle to Vladivostok with passengers and 9800 tons cargo on board. Crew and passengers proceeded to nearest Japanese port on 4 boats and on 30.06.1945 successfully returned to Soviet Union on board ms Khabarovsk.

http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/descriptions/ShipsB.html

Image:1May.jpg


A Past Epoch: S.M.Luppov. 1-st of May in Odessa. Soviet painting of very beginning 1930-th. Post Card issued by Goznak, Moscow 1932


End of Note: Transbalt. A Past Epoch



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