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Oceana

Oceana

Hamburg America Line's Oceana in Hammerfest. Or that is the information that came with the picture. In Bischoff/Kludas work on HAL, though, neither the pictures of Oceana 1, and 2 shows much corespondence with this ship... However, with the lack of a better alternative, it has to be the Ocana 2, lau

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Hamburg America Line acquired the SCOT in 1905 and had her heavily rebuilt. The former SCOT which was renamed OCEANA entered service with HAPAG on the 08 June 1906 from Hamburg to New York. She didn't stay with HAPAG for long as she was sold in 1911. This would have been a very early photo of her taken whilst on a cruise to Norway.

www.norwayheritage.com/p_ship.asp?sh=ocean

Sean
 

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It's Oceana, built in 1913. Originally built for another company, the vessel had several names including Peer Gynt and was later used by Hapag as a cruise vessel.
 

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Earlier names: Sierra Salvada (Norddeutscher Lloyd), Avaré (Lloyd Brasileiro), Peer Gynt (Reederei Viktor Schuppe, Stettin), Neptunia (owner in Italy), Oceana (Hapag, from 1927 onwards), Hapag used the vessel for instance for "Strength through Joy" (KdF) cruises, after WW2 Soviet ownership with name Sibir, scrapped 1963 (according to Wikipedia).

During her days with Hapag, Oceana had a Junkers F13 floatplane onboard, which could be used for cruise guest sightseeing flights at cruise destinations (Wikipedia). I guess the present day cruise operators still need to come up with that idea as they try to find new ways to entertain the guests!
 

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Yes, Arnold Kludas "Seeschiffe des Norddeutschen Lloyd has a picture of the Avare ex Sierra Salvada (on page 149), and although this ship has only one funnel, and somewhat different deck structures, the hull is nearly identical to the one belonging to the ship above, and that is a part of a ship difficult to change. So it must be Oceana 3 for HAL, this one built by Bremer Vulcan in 1913. (I wonder if the second funnel she received somewhere along the line was a dummy, or actually connected to additional boilers? Mostly the change in number of funnels went the other way, like it did for another ship in the NDL's Sierra Klasse, the Sierra Morena. She had her two funnels, identical to the ones in our ship, also when white painted and as named Der Deutsche sailed in the cruise traffic for the NDL, reduced to one when sailing as Asia for USSR. Arnold Kludas: " Die Grossen Passagierschiffe der Welt" volume 2, page 231.
 

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According to Wikipedia (German) the second funnel was added in 1924 as the vessel was converted as cruise vessel, now with name Peer Gynt, and with a reduced number of only 284 passengers. As Peer Gynt she made cruises to Norway and to the Mediterranean. She was however subsequently sold as, as I understand, the cruising was not profitable for the owner. After a brief Italian ownership, she was then acquired by Hapag and was used 1927 until WW2 as cruise vessel together with the Resolute and Reliance, two rather well-known and luxurious cruise vessels of Hapag, the latter two catering often also for the US market.

Under Hapag ownership she took 294 passengers. However, when completing the Strength through Joy cruises (apparently from 1934 on) she took as much as 700 passengers (Wikipedia). Apparently the "Strength through Joy" scheme needed to cater for large masses.
 

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Some more history here:
https://www.shipsnostalgia.com/gallery/showphoto.php/photo/974346/title/strength-through-joy-3a-oceana/cat/521
'Kraft durch Freude' was a Nazi mass 'leisure' organisation for German workers which offered opportunities for surveillance and to imbue participants with the tenets of Nazi racist and nationalist ideology. Activities included cruises which provided very basic family accommodation and time on board was highly 'organised' with indoctrination programmes. Failure to take advantage of opportunities to participate in KdF activities was regarded as 'anti-government' and sanctions included being sent to a concentration camp.
 

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