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Ready for launching

Ready for launching

Ship Congress of New York ready for launching. American shipbuilding terms 1918:
A, deck carlins. B, roller chocks. C, rail and stanchions. D, knuckle. E, horseshoe plate. F, rudder stock. G, lug for tackle to remove propeller. H, rudder flange. I, cargo port. J, rudder clamp, temporary while launch

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An interesting ship, the largest American coastal passenger ship to that time, with a capacity of almost 450 passengers.
Built for the Pacific Coast Steamship Company's Seattle-San Francisco service and delivered in 1913 by the New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, New Jersey.
She burned in 1916 and was sold two years later to a new venture, the China Mail Steamship Company, which had her totally rebuilt and renamed 'Nanking'. The service between the US West Coast and China was beset with immigration and narcotic problems and the ship was laid up in 1923 when the China Mail folded.
Bought at auction in 1924, she became the 'Emma Alexander' of H. F. Alexander's Pacific Steamship Co. (Admiral Line), a company that had taken over the Pacific Coast Steamship Company. Placed on a Seattle-Victoria-San Francisco-Los Angeles-San Diego route.
Laid up in 1936 when the Admiral Line collapsed.
Sold to the British Ministry of War Transport in 1941 as a troop transport and renamed 'Empire Woodlark'.
Apparently she was in an abysmal condition as a thousand RAF men walked off the ship in August 1942 to protest the conditions on board.
In 1946 she was deliberately sunk in the Atlantic north of the Hebrides with a cargo of gas bombs.

7,793GT, 423' x 55', twin screw, 3xp, 14 knots (as built).

Admiral liner 'Emma Alexander':
http://www.soultones.com/postcards/boats/boat3s_b.jpg

Bruce C
 

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