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Norwegian timber carrier SAINA of 1914 anchored off Den Helder with a list of 26 degrees. Cause according to the newspapers was shifting of the deck cargo.

Built by Osbourne, Graham & Co., Sunderland, yard nr. 182 for Furness Withy as PENSACOLA. 2092 grt / 1268 nrt /
Later names: CLAPTON (1923)

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41,200 Posts

IMO / ID 1135906 , Dead.
Ship Type : General Cargo Ship.
Dim : Loa / Lpp x Beam - 279.2’ x 40.3’.
Built in 1914 by Osbourne, Graham & Co Ltd Sunderland United Kingdom as " PENSACOLA " for Furness, Withy & Co. Ltd. West Hartlepool United Kingdom.Launched 27/05, delivered in July.

Tonnage : grt / nrt / tdw - 2.113 brt, 1.274 nrt.3.300 tdw,
Machinery : Steam reciprocating triple exp. 3-Cyl (20,5’’–33,0’’–54,0’’, Stroke: 36,0’’) - 206 nhp.Built by Richardsons, Westgarth & Co. Ltd Sunderland United Kingdom.
Main Boiler : 2 Steam Boilers w/ 2 Corrugated Furnaces.Total Heating Area 3.400 ft2. Work Pressure 180 Psi.Built by Richardsons, Westgarth & Co. Ltd Sunderland United Kingdom.

1921 Sold to Arthur Capel & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool, England.
1923 Sold to H. Harrison (Shipping), Ltd., West Hartlepool/London, England. Renamed " CLAPTON ".
1925 Sold to D/S A/S Saima (Bergmann & Hammer A/S), Bergen. Renamed " SAIMA ".
1927 Erling Hammer, Bergen became manager.
1929 D. Martens Nielsen, Bergen became manager.
1936 Sold to S. Synodinos (Synodinos Bros.), Piraeus, Greece. Renamed " DANAPRIS ".
1941 Bombed and sunk 27/04 by German aircraft at Piraeus, Greece. Later refloated and broken up at Chalkis, Greece.


3,171 Posts
Actually, in my view, despite the newspaper reports from the time, when you look closely at her cargo, she has not at all suffered a shift of cargo, notice all the deck cargo is clearly in place and level as it was when loaded.

None of the lashings or supports have failed and you can be assured that the cargo in the holds has not shifted as it was always tightly packed.

Even the centre-line swinging derricks are still firmly secured, which indicates to me that during the voyage there was no attempt to correct any so-called 'shift of cargo'.

What she has is an "Angle of Loll", which is a well-known phenomena on timber ships, particularly those carrying loose timber on deck.

The angle of loll is caused by the timber on deck absorbing sea water on voyage, thus becoming heavy, whilst at the same time the ship is burning coal from the bunkers lower in the ship. Very prevalent on North Sea short sea timber carriers, such as this one.

Thus the GM becomes a lot less and the ship takes up a list, as above, but she's perfectly stable.

However, it is absolutely vital that when the ship is discharged the deck cargo must be taken off the high side first, thus temporarily increasing the list. If, as an amateur observer would think, the cargo was taken initially from the low side, then the ship would undoubtedly roll over the other way and capsize.

Regards (Thumb)

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