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Image 1: Cressington_Court_II.jpg


Contents
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Basic Data
  • 3 Career Highlights
  • 4 Service Pre-War
  • 5 Participation in WW2 Convoys
  • 6 Sinking
  • 7 Roll of Honour
  • 8 Postscript
  • 9 External resources
  • 10 Images
  • 11 Main Contributors
Introduction[edit]

Court Line used the name Cressington Court for four ships:

  1. Cressington Court (1) - a cargo ship launched in 1908
  2. Cressington Court (2) - a cargo ship launched in 1929
  3. Cressington Court (3) - a cargo ship launched as Empire Earl in 1942
  4. Cressington Court (4) - a bulk carrier launched as Hector Halcyon in 1961

Cressington Court (2) was in service for 13 years during which she worked through the years of the Depression, took part in many WW2 convoys and was ultimately torpedoed and sunk in 1942 with the loss of many lives.

Basic Data[edit]
  • Type: Cargo ship
  • Registered owners,managers and operators: United British Steamship Co. Ltd. - Managers Haldin & Philipps Ltd. London
  • Builders: Northumberland Shipping Co (1927) Ltd
  • Yard: Howden
  • Country: UK
  • Yard number: 410
  • Registry: N/K
  • Official number: 161289
  • Signal letters: N/K
  • Call sign: N/K
  • Classification society: N/K
  • Gross tonnage: 4,971
  • Net tonnage: 3,033
  • Deadweight: N/K
  • Length: 405.5 ft
  • Breadth: 55.5 ft
  • Depth: 25.1 ft
  • Draught: N/K
  • Engines: 3 Cylinder oil engine
  • Engine builders: William Doxford & Sons Ltd.
  • Works: Sunderland
  • Country: UK
  • Power: 482 nhp
  • Propulsion: Single screw
  • Speed: 10.5
  • Cargo capacity: N/K
  • Crew: N/K
  • Employment: Built for General Cargo

Career Highlights[edit]
  • 11 Jul 1929: Launched
  • Aug 1929: Completed
  • 1936: Owners restyled Court Line Ltd. - same managers
  • 19 Aug 1942: Torpedoed and sunk

Service Pre-War[edit]

Very little information is available other than that Cressington Court (2) was one of the few Court Line ships NOT laid up during the 1930s depression. She was used for trades between Vancouver and Australia during this period

Participation in WW2 Convoys[edit]

The data in the following table has been extracted from External Resource #1. Cressington Court (2) Court took part in 22 convoys.

A key to the routes for these convoys can be found on this page: World War 2 Convoy Names



List of Convoys

Convoy No.RouteConvoy No.Route
HX.8Nov 1939: Halifax - LiverpoolOB.57Dec 1939: Liverpool - Dispersed
HX.19Feb 1940: Halifax - LiverpoolOB.104Mar 1940: Liverpool - Dispersed
HX.45May 1940: Halifax - LiverpoolBHX.45May 1940: Bermuda - Joined HX.45
OB.180Jul 1940: Liverpool - DispersedOB.182Jul 1940: Liverpool - Dispersed
BHX.83Oct 1940: Bermuda - Joined HX.83HX.83Oct 1940: Halifax - Liverpool
FS.336Nov 1940: Methil - SouthendWN.34Nov 1940: Clyde - Methil
EN.36/1Dec 1940: Methil - ObanFN.348Dec 1940: Southend - Methil
OB.256Dec 1940: Liverpool - Dispersed 59.04N 15.30WHX.117Mar 1941: Halifax - Liverpool
OB.323May 1941: Liverpool - DispersedSL/MKS.95Dec 1941: Freetown - Liverpool
OS/KMS.19Feb 1942: Liverpool - FreetownKS.523Jul 1942: Hampton Roads - Key West
WAT.11Aug 1942: Key West - TrinidadTRIN.1Aug 1942: Trinidad - Dispersed

Sinking[edit]

External resource #6 provides the following information:

  • Position: 07.58N, 46.00W - Grid EP 6162
  • Complement: 44 (8 dead and 36 survivors).
  • Convoy Route: Philadelphia - Trinidad (14 Aug) - Capetown - Durban - Alexandria
  • Cargo: 7,362 tons of government stores and general cargo

At 09.07 hours on 19 Aug, 1942, the unescorted Cressington Court (Master William James Pace) was torpedoed and sunk by U-510 northeast of Belem. The master and seven crew members were lost.

On 10 Sep, 1942, 26 crew members and ten gunners were picked up by the Woensdrecht. But two days later this vessel was torpedoed and badly damaged by U-515 (Henke). During the attack a piece of debris killed one crew member of Cressington Court. The other crew members from the British ship abandoned the tanker and were picked up by two American patrol vessels the following night and landed at Port of Spain, Trinidad.

Roll of Honour[edit]

The Roll of Honour below lists those who are known to have died as a result of the sinking of Cressington Court (2). It excludes details of DEMS gunners.



List of those that lost their lives

Surname.ForenamesDescriptionAge and other information
BUCKLEYJOHNDeck BoyAge 17. Son of John Buckley, and of Elizabeth Buckley, of Salford, Lancashire.
DILKESGEORGEThird Radio OfficerAge 19. Son of Henry William and Kathleen Mary Dilkes, of Failsworth, Lancashire.
FOLEYMICHAEL PAULFirst Radio OfficerAge 20.
HUMPHREYSROBERTCabin BoyAge 17.
MILLIKENWILLIAMDonkeymanAge 53.
PACE WILLIAM JOSEPHMasterAge 48. Son of Joseph and Mary Pace; husband of Christina Pace, of Edinburgh.
ROBERTSONALEXANDERSecond Engineer OfficerAge 29. Son of Robert and Mary Robertson, of Bellshill, Lanarkshire.
RODGERSGORDONBoatswainAge 30. Husband of Ruth Ann Rodgers, of Hull.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old.

Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.

At the going down of the sun and in the morning

We will remember them.

100px-Lest_we_forget.jpg

Postscript[edit]

U510 had an effective career and took park in 7 patrols between November 1941 and May 1945. During this period it is claimed that she accounted for 11 ships sunk totalling 71,100 GRT, 1 auxiliary warship sunk totalling 249 GRT, 8 ships damaged totalling 53,289 GRT

U510 was taken out of service on 10 May, 1945 at St Nazaire, France, surrendered to France 12 May, 1945, renamed as the French submarine Bouan, was stricken 1 May, 1959 as Q176 and finally broken up in 1960.

External resources[edit]
  1. Convoyweb (Arnold Hague Convoy Database): [1]
  2. Miramar Ship Index: [2]
  3. Information extracted from Lloyds Registers
  4. Norman Middlemiss: Travel of the Tramps - Twenty Tramp Fleets ISBN: 1871128021
  5. Ubootwaffe.net: [3]
  6. Uboat.net: [4]

Images[edit]

Image 1: SN Photo supplied by Brent Chambers

Main Contributors[edit]
  1. Basis data from John Powell and Clive Ketley
  2. Details of those lost provided by Billy McGee
  3. Additional research and construction of entry by Benjidog
 
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