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Discussion Starter #1 (Edited by Moderator)
Image 1: Jeremiah_obrien13.jpg


Contents
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Basic Data
  • 3 Career Highlights
  • 4 Participation in WW2
    • 4.1 Participation in WW2 Convoys
    • 4.2 The Normandy Landings (D-Day)
  • 5 Return to Europe
  • 6 Other photos and information
  • 7 External resources
  • 8 Images
  • 9 Contributors
Introduction[edit]

(The photo at the top of this page was taken on 4 June 1994 at Southampton)

Liberty ships were cargo ships built during WW2 to replace those lost to enemy action - particularly U-boats. Overall there were 2,751 built of which two survive in working order. Jeremiah O'Brien is one of them and is normally docked at Pier 45 at Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, California.

There was a standard design for Liberty ships - 441ft long and 56 ft wide with a three-cylinder, reciprocating steam engine, fed by two oil-burning boilers produced 2,500 hp and a speed of 11 knots. They had 5 holds capable of carrying 9,000 tons. Cargoes could be anything but would typically consist of airplanes, tanks and ammunition. Liberty ships were constructed using prefabrication methods. The first ones took about 230 days to build, but over time the average build time decreased to 42 days start-to-finish.

External resource #1 is a website dedicated to the National Liberty Ship Memorial and should be consulted for details of the location of Jeremiah O'Brien, access, trips and other information.

Many of the Liberty ships were named after famous Americans; others were named at the choice of fund-raisers. Jeremiah O'Brien was a famous ship's Captain who fought against Britain during the American War of Independence which makes the choice of name somewhat ironic.

Basic Data[edit]
  • Type: Cargo ship
  • Registered owners,managers and operators:
  • Builders: New England Shipbuilding Corp
  • Yard: Portland West
  • Country: USA
  • Yard number:230
  • Registry: N/K
  • Official number: 2243622
  • Signal letters: N/K
  • Call sign: N/K
  • Classification society: EC2-S-C1
  • Gross tonnage: 7,176
  • Net tonnage: N/K
  • Deadweight: N/K
  • Length: 134.6 m
  • Breadth: 17.3 m
  • Depth: N/K
  • Draught: 8.5 m
  • Engines: Triple expansion steam engine
  • Engine builders: N/K
  • Works: N/K
  • Country: USA
  • Power: 2,500 hp
  • Propulsion: Single screw
  • Speed: 11 knots
  • Boilers: 2 oil-burning boilers
  • Cargo capacity:5 holds capable of carrying 9,000 tons
  • Crew: N/K
  • Employment: General purpose cargo vessel
  • Armament: 8 x 20mm anti-aircraft gun, 1 x 3in (76mm) gun, 1 x 5in (127mm) gun

Career Highlights[edit]
  • 6 May 1943: Keel laid down
  • 19 Jun 1943: Launched
  • 30 Jun 1943: Completed
  • 1946: Mothballed for 33 years in the National Defense Reserve Fleet in Suisun Bay.
  • 1979: Ownership transferred to the National Liberty Ship Memorial
  • 21 May 1980: Left Suisaun Bay under own power
  • 1994: Visited Europe for the 50th Anniversary of the D-Day landings

Participation in WW2[edit]

Participation in WW2 Convoys[edit]

The data in the following table has been extracted from External Resource #2 which indicates that Jeremiah O'Brien took part in 48 convoys during WW2.

A key to the routes for these convoys can be found on this page: World War 2 Convoy Names



List of Convoys

Convoy No.RouteConvoy No.Route
BX.64Jul 1943: Boston - HalifaxHX.249Jul 1943: NYC - Liverpool
EN.270Aug 1943: Methil - Loch EweFN.1101Aug 1943: Southend - Methil
FS.1188Aug 1943: Methil - SouthendON.198Aug 1943: Liverpool - NYC
ON.199Aug 1943: Liverpool - NYCWN.464Aug 1943: Loch Ewe - Methil
HX.258Sep 1943: NYC - LiverpoolON.207Oct 1943: Liverpool - NYC
HX.268Nov 1943: NYC - LiverpoolEN.325Dec 1943: Methil - Loch Ewe
FN.1216Dec 1943: Southend - MethilON.218Dec 1943: Liverpool - NYC
FS.1298Dec 1943: Methil - SouthendWN.516Dec 1943: Loch Ewe - Methil
FH.100AFeb 1944: St John NB - HalifaxHX.278Feb 1944: NYC - Liverpool
WN.547Feb 1944: Loch Ewe - MethilON.227Mar 1944: Liverpool - NYC
EN.355Mar 1944: Methil - Loch EweHX.287Apr 1944: NYC - Liverpool
ECM.2WJun 1944: Portsmouth - Seine bayECM.9Jun 1944: Falmouth - Seine bay
EMM.2Jul 1944: Belfast - Seine bayFPM.15Jul 1944: Seine bay - Portland
FCM.10Jun 1944: Seine bay - PlymouthFCM.11Jun 1944: Seine bay - Plymouth
FPM.2Jul 1944: Seine bay - PortlandFPM.8Jul 1944: Seine bay - Yarmouth roads
EPM.11Jul 1944: Portland - Seine bayEPM.5Jul 1944: Yarmouth iow - Seine bay
EPM.50Aug 1944: Portland - Seine bayEPM.23Aug 1944: Portland - Seine bay
EPM.34Aug 1944: Portland - Seine bayEPM.42Aug 1944: Portland - Seine bay
FWM.15Aug 1944: Seine bay - SouthamptonFPM.27Aug 1944: Seine bay - Portland
FPM.41Aug 1944: Seine bay - PortlandFBC.81Sep 1944: Seine Bay - Bristol Channel
FBC.92Sep 1944: Seine Bay - Bristol ChannelON.256Sep 1944: Liverpool - NYC
FWM.19Sep 1944: Seine bay - SouthamptonEPM.59Sep 1944: Portland - Seine bay
EPM.65Sep 1944: Portland - Seine bayIG.18Apr 1945: Leyte - Hollandia
GI.14Mar 1945: Hollandia - LeyteGI.27May 1945: Hollandia - Lingayen

The Normandy Landings (D-Day)[edit]

In June 1944, Jeremiah O'Brien made 11 round trips between Southampton, England, and the Utah and Omaha beachheads at Normandy

Return to Europe[edit]

On 18 April 1994, Jeremiah O'Brien started a five-month, 18,000-mile journey back to Normandy to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the D-Day landings. She was the only ship from the D-Day Armada to return and was the guest of honor at the historic events. Full details of the journey are in External resource #1.

She visited Southampton, Chatham, London, Cherbourg, Rouen and Le Havre before re-crossing the Atlantic to her birthplace of Portland Maine. She called at Baltimore and Jacksonville then passed through the Panama Canal and completed her voyage at San Francisco on 23 September.

The majority of the crew were WW2 veterans with a number of cadets.

Image 2 was taken on her approach to Chatham.

Image 2: Jeremiah_obrien_1.jpg

Images 2 to 5 were taken in Chatham Dockyard

Image 3: Jeremiah_obrien_2.jpg

Image 4: Jeremiah_obrien_3.jpg

Image 5: Jeremiah_obrien_4.jpg

Image 6: Jeremiah_obrien_5.jpg

Image 7 shows a view of the quick-launch lifeboat used on many merchant ships during WW2.

Image 7: Jeremiah_obrien_6.jpg

Image 8 shows the well-preserved wheelhouse.

Image 8: Jeremiah_obrien_7.jpg

Image 9 was taken on 17 Jun 1994 and shows Jeremiah O'Brien alongside HMS Belfast on the Thames in London.

Image 9: Jeremiah_obrien_8.jpg

Image 10 was taken on 22 Jun 1994 and shows Jeremiah O'Brien passing Gravesend on her way to Cherbourg.

Image 10: 900px-Jeremiah_obrien_9.jpg

Other photos and information[edit]
Image 11 was taken on 3 October 2005 during a self-conducted tour and shows the Engine Room main control area. The wheel in the centre is the reversing engine, the control lever at the right hand side.The guage board is for the main steam and cylinder pressures. The horizontal wheel to the right of the reversing engine is the main engine stop valve.

Image 11: Jeremiah_obrien_10.jpg

Image 12 was taken on 18 June 2007 and shows Jeremiah O'Brien in drydock.

Image 11: Jeremiah_obrien11.jpg

Image 13 was taken on 1 May 1991 at pier 30/32 in San Francisco showing Jeremiah O'Brien soon to depart for an annual cruise around the bay.

Image 13: Jeremiah_obrien12.jpg

External resources[edit]
  1. National Liberty Ship Memorial website: Jeremiah O'Brien
  2. Arnold Hague Convoy Database: http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/
  3. Miramar Ships Index: http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz
Images[edit]
  1. From the collection of Stuart Smith
  2. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  3. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  4. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  5. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  6. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  7. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  8. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  9. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  10. From the collection of Stan Mayes
  11. Posted on Ships Nostalgia by member EMMESSTEE
  12. Posted on Ships Nostalgia by member Sailortats
  13. Posted on Ships Nostalgia by member Needsadditionalinformation

Contributors[edit]

1. Initial entry researched and designed by Benjidog using material on SN and elsewhere
 
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